What Are The Causes Of Lower Left Back Pain? How To Treat It?

Lower Left Back Pain


Lower left back pain is a common ailment that can affect individuals of all ages and backgrounds. Understanding the causes and effective treatments is crucial for managing and alleviating this discomfort.

In this article, we’ll delve into the various aspects of lower left back pain, from its definition to preventive measures and treatment options.

For additional insights on back pain, you can explore resources provided by Your Place Physical Therapy.

What is Lower Left Back Pain?

Lower left back pain refers to discomfort or pain localized in the area between the bottom of the ribcage and the pelvis on the left side. It can vary from mild to severe and may be chronic or acute. Identifying the specific characteristics of this pain is essential for proper diagnosis and targeted treatment.

How Common is It?

Before delving into the causes and treatments, let’s take a moment to understand the prevalence of lower left back pain. Statistics reveal that a significant portion of the population experiences this discomfort at some point in their lives. Factors such as age, lifestyle, and occupation contribute to its common occurrence.

The Causes of Lower Left Back Pain

Lower left back pain can manifest in various forms, each with its unique set of characteristics. Understanding the different types is crucial for tailoring effective treatment plans.

Here are the different lower left back pain causes:

The Musculoskeletal Conditions

Strains and Sprains

Strains and Sprains

Muscle strains and ligament sprains are common triggers for lower left back pain, often resulting from overexertion or sudden movements. These injuries, deemed the worst muscle to tear, can instigate discomfort and potential misalignments.

Strains involve microscopic tears in muscles, while sprains affect ligaments, both leading to localized pain and potential misalignments.

Muscle Imbalances

Muscle Imbalances

Muscle imbalances, the silent contributors to lower left back pain, often stem from a sedentary lifestyle, repetitive movements, or compensatory patterns following injury. These imbalances can cause muscle weakness, destabilizing the spine and heightening the risk of discomfort.

Organ-related Causes

Kidney Issues

Kidney Issues

Kidney issues, a significant abdominal organ situated in the lower back, can trigger severe pain in the same region. Whether due to kidney stones, infections, or inflammation, understanding this connection is vital. Kidney problems often manifest as radiating pain, and early detection is key for effective management.

Digestive Problems

Digestive Problems

Constipation, a common digestive issue, can surprisingly contribute to lower left back pain. Straining during bowel movements irritates nerves and stresses lower back muscles. Additionally, conditions like ulcerative colitis, inflammatory bowel diseases, and gas-related bloating may indirectly influence back discomfort.

Other Causes of Lower Left Back Pain



Pregnancy brings joy but also unique challenges, notably lower back pain. Physiological changes, shifts in the center of gravity, hormonal influences, and added weight contribute to discomfort.



Though rare, tumors can exert pressure, causing persistent and localized pain in the lower left back.



Infections affecting the organs in the lower left abdomen can manifest as back pain. This can result from nerve irritation or referral pain. Types of infections include UTIs, kidney infections, gastrointestinal and reproductive organ infections.



Trauma from accidents or falls can cause lower left back pain through injuries like sprains, strains, or fractures.

Diagnosis of Lower Left Back Pain

Accurate diagnosis is the cornerstone of effective treatment. Medical examinations, imaging tests, and a detailed medical history play crucial roles in determining the root cause of lower left back pain.

Medical Examinations:

Thorough medical examinations conducted by health care providers are fundamental in the diagnostic journey. These examinations involve a detailed physical assessment, including palpation of the lower back, assessment of range of motion, and identification of any specific triggers or points of tenderness. These insights help narrow down potential causes and guide further diagnostic measures.

Imaging Tests:

  • X-rays: An initial imaging tool, x-rays can reveal structural abnormalities in bones and identify fractures, degenerative changes, or issues with the alignment of the spine.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): This non-invasive method gives clear pictures of soft tissues like muscles, ligaments, and intervertebral discs, which helps medical professionals find problems like herniated discs or damage to soft tissues.
  • CT Scan (Computed Tomography): Particularly useful for visualizing the bones and detecting abnormalities in bone density or structures, CT scans provide detailed cross-sectional images.

Laboratory Tests:

Blood tests may be employed to identify signs of infection, inflammation, or other systemic conditions that could contribute to lower left back pain. Specific markers in the blood can provide valuable insights into potential underlying issues.

Detailed Medical History:

A meticulous review of the patient’s medical history is paramount. This involves understanding the onset, duration, and characteristics of the pain, as well as any associated symptoms. Factors such as past injuries, surgeries, or underlying health conditions are scrutinized to paint a comprehensive picture for accurate diagnosis.

Seeking Specialist Consultation:

In complex cases or when the cause of lower left back pain remains elusive, consulting specialists such as physical therapists, orthopedic doctors, neurologists, or pain management specialists becomes crucial. Their expertise ensures a thorough evaluation and a nuanced approach to diagnosis and potential treatment.

A study found that people with low back pain usually go to their general care doctor first, then a chiropractor, and finally a subspecialist 20% of the time.

Patient Communication:

Effective communication between health care providers and patients is a cornerstone of the diagnostic process. Patients play an active role in providing comprehensive information about their symptoms, contributing factors, and lifestyle, aiding healthcare professionals in making informed decisions.

How to prevent it?

Preventing lower left back pain involves adopting lifestyle modifications and incorporating exercise programs. Here are some straightforward tips to significantly lower the risk of feeling discomfort in your lower left back:

Maintaining a good posture

Maintaining a good posture

Make a habit of sitting and standing with good posture. Keep your back straight, shoulders relaxed, and feet flat on the ground. If you’re at a desk, ensure your chair supports your lower back.

Regular Exercise

Regular Exercise

Get moving! Regular exercise, like walking, swimming, or yoga, keeps your muscles and spine healthy. It doesn’t have to be intense – just consistent. Incorporate some lower left back pain exercises.

Strengthen Your Core Muscles

Strengthen Your Core Muscles

Do simple core exercises to strengthen your tummy and back muscles. Planks, bridges, and leg raises are easy and effective.

Stay at a Healthy Weight

Stay at a Healthy Weight

Keep your weight in check. Excess weight puts more stress on your back. Eat well and move regularly to maintain a healthy weight.

Drink Water

Drink Water

Stay hydrated. Drinking enough water helps keep the discs in your spine hydrated, acting like shock absorbers and preventing pain.

Lift Smart

Lift Smart

When lifting things, bend your knees and keep your back straight. Avoid improper lifting techniques; lift with your legs, not your back. And don’t twist while heavy lifting.

Manage Stress

Manage Stress

Stress can make back pain worse. Find simple ways to manage stress, like deep breathing or doing normal activities you enjoy.

Check Your Health

Check Your Health

Regular check-ups with your doctor help catch any issues early. Early detection means early action and a lower chance of pain.

How to Treat the Lower left back pain with Physical Therapy

While there is no one-size-fits-all solution for lower left back pain, physical therapy emerges as a promising treatment option. These are the different lower left back pain treatments that physical therapists are experts with:

Personalized Approach

Physical therapy adopts a personalized approach to lower left back pain. Skilled therapists assess individual needs, considering factors such as the specific nature of the pain, overall health, and lifestyle.

Pain Management

A primary focus of physical therapy is pain management. Therapists employ various techniques, including manual therapies, exercises, and modalities such as heating pads or ice packs, to alleviate pain and improve overall comfort.

Restoring Range of Motion

Lower left back pain often restricts normal movements. Physical therapy aims to restore the range of motion through targeted exercises that enhance flexibility and reduce stiffness. This can lead to improved daily functioning and a reduction in pain-related limitations.

Correcting Posture and Body Mechanics

Therapists guide individuals in correcting their posture and body mechanics to prevent unnecessary stress on the lower back. Education on proper sitting, standing, and lifting techniques empowers patients to maintain spinal health beyond the therapy sessions.

Targeted Stretching Exercises

Specific stretching exercises are integrated into physical therapy regimens to address tight muscles and imbalances contributing to lower left back pain. Stretching enhances flexibility and promotes better muscle function.

Manual Therapies

Hands-on techniques, such as massage, joint mobilization, and manipulation, are employed in physical therapy. These manual therapies aim to reduce muscle tension, improve circulation, and enhance joint mobility, providing immediate relief for many individuals.

Education and Self-Management

Education is a key component of physical therapy. Therapists educate patients about their condition, helping them understand the root causes of lower left back pain. This knowledge empowers individuals to actively participate in their recovery and adopt lifestyle modifications for long-term well-being.

Gradual Exercise Progression

Physical therapy involves a gradual progression of exercises, ensuring that individuals build strength and endurance at a pace that suits their specific condition. This progressive approach minimizes the risk of exacerbating pain while maximizing functional improvement.


In conclusion, understanding the causes of lower left back pain is the first step towards effective management. Whether it’s adopting preventive measures into daily life or exploring treatment options like physical therapy, individuals can regain control over their lives and alleviate the discomfort associated with lower left back pain.


  1. Is Salonpas good for back pain?

Salonpas, with its analgesic properties, can offer temporary pain relief for mild to moderate back pain. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider for a personalized approach to chronic pain management.

  1. How should I sleep to fix my lower back pain?

It can help straighten your spine and ease lower back pain to sleep on your side with a pillow between your knees. Experiment with different sleep positions to find what works best for you.

  1. How do I know if my back pain is serious?

Persistent or severe back pain, especially accompanied by other symptoms like numbness or weakness, warrants medical attention. It’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation.

  1. How do I know if my pain is muscular or nerve-related?

Muscular pain is often localized and may worsen with movement. Nerve-related pain may involve tingling or radiating sensations. Consulting with a healthcare provider can help determine the source of your pain.